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[日期:2005-12-09] 来源:美国教育交流中心信息咨询中心  作者:美国国务院国际信息局编辑 [字体: ]
E-ALERT0116[美国教育交流中心信息咨询中心](A)

美国国务院国际信息局编辑 发表:美国教育交流中心信息咨询中心/2005年12月8日转发;学术交流网/美国教育交流/2003年12月09日转发

Title Index

Item# 05E011
2005 Report of the Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.
http://www.state.gov/r/adcompd/rls/55903.htm#introduction


Item# 05E012
America's Place In The World 2005: Opinion Leaders Turn Cautious, Public
Looks Homeward.
http://www.cfr.org/content/publications/attachments/Pew-Americas_Place_2005.
pdf

Item# 05E013
Global Malaria Control: U.S. and Multinational Investments and
Implementation Challenges.
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06147r.pdf


Item# 05E014
Offshoring Of Services: An Overview of the Issues.
http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d065.pdf


Item# 05E015
Precedents, Variables, And Options In Planning A U.S. Military Disengagement
Strategy From Iraq.
http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/PUB627.pdf


Item# 05E016
The Role of Immigrants in the U.S. Labor Market.
http://www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/68xx/doc6853/11-10-Immigration.pdf


Item# 05E017
Security Controls on the Access of Foreign Scientists and Engineers to
the United States.
http://www.csis.org/media/csis/pubs/051005_whitepaper.pdf

Item# 05E018
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2005.
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/008/a0200e/a0200e.pdf

Item# 05E019
Trade Integration in the Americas.
http://opencrs.cdt.org/rpts/RL33162_20051122.pdf

Item# 05E020
WHO Multi-Country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence Against
Women.
http://www.who.int/gender/violence/who_multicountry_study/en/index.html

Item# 05E011
2005 REPORT OF THE ADVISORY COMMISSION ON PUBLIC DIPLOMACY.
United States Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy. November 2005.

The bipartisan Advisory Commission's 2005 report on U.S. government
international communications efforts examines the Commission's
recommendations issued in its previous report, and reviews the level of
implementation achieved to date. The Commission offers its review in three
sections: short-term communication, long-term communication and
international broadcasting. This report also presents a vision for bringing
public diplomacy into the 21st century and offers thoughts on how public
diplomacy practitioners can take advantage of 21st century capabilities.
The Commission members emphasize that reforming public diplomacy will
require a long-term, sustained effort.

http://www.state.gov/r/adcompd/rls/55903.htm#introduction


Item# 05E012
AMERICA'S PLACE IN THE WORLD 2005: OPINION LEADERS TURN CAUTIOUS, PUBLIC
LOOKS HOMEWARD.
Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. November 2005.

Produced in collaboration with the Council on Foreign Relations, this
quadrennial study examines the foreign policy attitudes of the U.S. general
public and U.S. opinion leaders -- state and local government officials;
security and foreign affairs experts; military officers; news media,
university, think tank, and religious leaders; and scientists and engineers.
Conducted September 5 - October 31, 2005, the survey reflects the major
changes in the world that have occurred since the previous poll was taken
just prior to the 9/11 attacks.

Principal findings indicate that, preoccupied with war abroad and growing
problems at home, U.S. opinion leaders and the general public are taking a
decidedly cautious view of America's place in the
world. Over the past four years, for instance, opinion leaders have become
less supportive of the United States playing a "first among equals" role
among the world's leading nations, and the goal of promoting democracy in
other nations has lost ground.

Other survey findings include:

* China's emerging global power is not triggering increased concern among
opinion leaders or the general public.
* Underscoring the rising importance of Asia generally, foreign affairs
specialists and security experts most often name India as a country likely
to emerge as a more important U.S. partner.
* Solid majorities in every group of opinion leaders - and 84% of the public
- say it is important that the partnership between the U.S. and Western
Europe remain close.
* Americans express considerable concern over the spread of AIDS and other
infectious diseases.
* The public overwhelmingly believes post-9/11 restrictions on foreign
student visas are worth it to prevent terrorists from entering the country.
* Americans view the goals of reducing the flow of illegal immigration and
combating international drug trafficking as much more important long-term
priorities than do opinion leaders.

[Note: Contains copyrighted material.]

http://www.cfr.org/content/publications/attachments/Pew-Americas_Place_2005.
pdf

[pdf format, 110 pages]

Item# 05E013
GLOBAL MALARIA CONTROL: U.S. AND MULTINATIONAL INVESTMENTS AND
IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES [GAO-06-147R].
United States General Accounting Office (GAO). November 16, 2005.

This report describes investments made by the U.S. government to support the
implementation of the national malaria control programs in malaria-endemic
countries, and the programs' key strategies. The report's authors
interviewed officials and reviewed financial and program documentation from
such U.S. agencies as USAID, the Department of Health and Human
Services'(HHS) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and
National Institutes of Health (NIH); and from multinational organizations to
which the U.S. government contributes, including the Global Fund, United
Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), World Health Organization's (WHO) RBM
Department, and the World Bank.

In addition, the authors reviewed a series of comprehensive country
assessments conducted in B閚in, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi,
Mali, Nigeria, S閚egal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. This
work was performed from January 2005 through November 2005, in accordance
with generally accepted government auditing standards.

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06147r.pdf

[pdf format, 57 pages]

Item# 05E014
OFFSHORING OF SERVICES: AN OVERVIEW OF THE ISSUES [GAO-06-05].
United States General Accounting Office (GAO). November 2005.

Offshoring generally refers to an organization's purchase of goods or
services from abroad that were previously produced domestically. Extensive
public debate has arisen about both the potential benefits of services
offshoring, such as lower consumer prices and higher U.S. productivity, as
well as the potential costs, such as increased job displacement for selected
U.S. workers. GAO produced this report to help policy makers better
understand the potential impacts and policy implications of services
offshoring.

This GAO report:
* Provides an overview of experts' views on the potential impacts of
services offshoring;
* Describes the types of policies that have been proposed in response to
offshoring; and
* Highlights some key areas where additional research might help advance the
debate about offshoring.

http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d065.pdf

[pdf format, 86 pages]

Item# 05E015
PRECEDENTS, VARIABLES, AND OPTIONS IN PLANNING A U.S. MILITARY DISENGAGEMENT
STRATEGY FROM IRAQ.
W. Andrew Terrill and Conrad C. Crane.
United States Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute (SSI).
October 2005.

In his forward, the SSI Director writes that questions of how to empower the
Iraqis most effectively and then progressively withdraw non-Iraqi forces
from that country is a complex issue that often has been oversimplified in
many of the current media debates. He finds that there are too few serious
discussions of problems, opportunities, and meaningful precedents that might
be useful in developing guidelines and considerations for U.S. policy in
Iraq.

This monograph by Drs. W. Andrew Terrill and Conrad C. Crane seeks to
present the U.S. situation in Iraq in all of its complexity and ambiguity.
They consider previous instances of U.S. military occupation of foreign
countries and the difficulty of maintaining domestic support for such
operations. While the authors view the empowerment of a viable Iraqi central
government and a security force to defend its authority as vital to the
future of that country, they also suggest that there are severe constraints
on the United States' potential to sustain its military presence at the
current level. They conclude that the United States must be prepared to
withdraw from Iraq under non-optimal conditions, and that the chief U.S.

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